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Failure at Law equals injustice against a fellow man.  Australia has a major crime source – its legal systems. Well programmed computers would perform much better in courtroom settings than do some legal operatives.  Parliamentarians, through passing unjust or simply stupid laws, or by turning a blind eye to the failures, are accessory to the fact.  What to do?  At least we can employ free speech and publicize the crimes against fellow citizens?  …..

Can our Senate take action? Australia’s Senate, equal in some aspects with the House of Representatives, was intended to be a ‘peoples’ court of review. The States each provide an  equal number of senators. These senators, ideally, are  learned people with a grasp of Law in all its facets. Some would suggest it has become a house of wreckers, rather than reviewers.  In a sense, in terms of powers, it is a people’s court  — not an everyday  court – whilst it is the highest law-investigative body in the land.  Can it regain useful status?

Wouldn’t a responsible society demand the parliamentary representatives at very least arrange pardons for those few persons who are both a) seemingly of upright character and b) without controversy are not guilty beyond reasonable doubt? 

It is easy to be an expert and a humbug to boot: My apology for the observations and comments which follow is that this shame needs to be taken away from this country.

Suggestions for law and its companion, enlightened education.

Law. In facing up to the compelling needs of Justice, we could remind ourselves of;

  1. Separation of powers. Government, “humbly relying on Almighty God” (preamble to the Constitution) is duty bound to uphold human rights. Human rights are defined through rationality and the accumulated wisdom of generations, including documents such as the holy bible. That is why we have Magna Charta, etc. That is why Australia fought nazi Germany. Justice is above politics. Skip the groupthink witch hunts!
  2. No jury should ever be called upon to pass a verdict on anything but rational, in effect, ‘scientific’ fact. The facts decide the case, not the jury! The citizenry must be able to trust the government to present a sound case. If no other remedy arises, parliament must be able to intervene, presumably through the governor and pardons(?)
  3. No adversarial process between defence and prosecution should ever exist: the only debate is to be between cold, rational fact and lynch mob mentality. Personalities, political correctness, media input, no: nothing but disattached, rational fact must prevail. One would suppose that a professional body such as magistrates, judges and legal practitioners should be able to self-police themselves, perhaps with parliamentary assistance? If any judge or for that matter, legislator, is to follow the tradition of ‘British justice’, he must be subject (with safeguards) subject to open public analysis of his ‘product’.

In step with education, science and law, ‘western’ democracy evolved out of rational viewpoints. How to improve? Revisit our origins so as to re-invigorate the basic principles. If the Duke of Wellington displayed enough wisdom to retire his army behind a ridge to spare them Napoleon’s canon shot, there was questionable value a century afterwards in exposing the British army to canon on the Somme. A mountain of dead tells the tale. We can not profitably live in the past but we may learn from the past. ‘British law’ arose out of the Enlightenment and the Reformation — rationality and inspired religion. The less men relied upon their own powers, the higher they rose. Every commonly respected name along mankind’s hard march towards collective betterment was as ready to retire from public and personal aggrandisement as was Wellington to retire his men behind the obvious provision of Higher Providence.

In shaping ‘British law’, perhaps no two men are as highly regarded to this day as Sir Matthew Hale and Sir Edward Coke, English civil war era:

Hale: “When the wisest counsel of men have with the greatest prudence made laws, yet frequent emergencies happen which they did not foresee, and therefore they are put upon repeals and supplements of such their laws; but Almighty God, by one ample foresight, foresaw all events, and could therefore fit laws proportionate to the things he made.” 

Coke: “Reason is the life of the law; nay, the common law itself is nothing else but reason – the law which is perfection of reason.”

Coke makes good sense, but we might interrupt the narrative here to question Hale? Since when has the bible been a law textbook and how did he arrive at the idea that it is in some way the potential answer to every legal conundrum?

Without controversy, as an everyday fact, the bible deals with fundamentals of law and humanity. Family, Property, Labour, Money, Criminal, Civil ……. it leaves no stone of the fundamentals unturned but it turns them in a way that points us to the way to extract water from what appears as hard rock. Our lawyers now and in the past faced daunting challenges. Hale found law in scripture dovetailed with humanity. We might touch on a couple of examples by way of illustration?

Workplace health and safety? Joshua 20: 1-6. “The Lord also spoke unto Joshua, saying, Speak to the children of Israel, saying, Appoint out for you cities of refuge, whereof I spoke unto you by the hand of Moses: That the slayer that kills any person unawares and unwittingly may flee there: and they shall be your refuge from the avenger of blood.  And when he that flees unto one of those cities shall stand at the entering of the gate of the city, and shall declare his cause in the ears of the elders of that city, they shall take him into the city unto them, and give him a place, that he may dwell among them. And if the avenger of blood pursue after him, then they shall not deliver the slayer up into his hand; because he smote his neighbour unwittingly, and hated him not beforetime. And he shall dwell in that city, until he stand before the congregation for judgement …….. .” End bible quote. Observe; Jury — not youngsters or amateurs — “the elders of the city”. Observe; forensic analysis — “stand before the congregation for judgement”. Observe; if the event was judged to have been a mishap, no guilt: nevertheless, no guilt did not translate into no trouble and expense for the refugee. It payed to be safety conscious at all times!

Repeat offenders and such who can not be trusted in society — an all too common human dilemma — What, What to do? Deuteronomy 21: 18-21. “If a man have a stubborn and rebellious son, which will not obey the voice of his father, or the voice of his mother, and that, when they have chastened him, will not hearken unto them: Then shall his father and his mother lay hold on him, and bring him out unto the elders of his city, and unto the gate of his place; And they shall say unto the elders of his city, This our son is stubborn and rebellious, he will not obey our voice; he is a glutton, and a drunkard. And all the men of his city shall stone him with stones, that he die: so shall you put evil away from among you; and all Israel shall hear, and fear.” End bible quote. Observe again the jury concept, combined with diligent enquiry: the parents lay it before the elders. Observe the jury carrying out the sentence — yes, the top members of society were taking out the garbage, and it is probable they detested the necessary task. We are all responsible for upholding Law. This shocking, fully unsavoury legal case brings us face to face with what we are — a fallen species, no hope without help. Can life have any joy or future if it is possible to bring a son into the world who turns out so defective he must be executed? With the parents and by implication the two conjoined families they represent, part of the firing squad? The parents, in the context, were good people. Is there any pathway at all to joy and to something higher ? The christian message declares, Yes. But we need not look for it in this fallen world. “Never man spake like this man” — Yes – but he was not fallen. He was God – yet he experienced it all. He became sin – and he was worse than stoned to death. Yet he gave thanks that he was to so suffer on our behalf! Our first parents came home to find their oldest son had clubbed his younger brother to death. The crimes some of their descendants have committed we shall not begin to describe. It may cause sensitive people to faint. The son in Deuteronomy 21:18-21 (and this would have been a real life, hands-on case) the son in the case mentioned, on the record was not accused of robbery with shameless violence, torture, murder, paedophilia — fully sickening behaviour. Whether he was susceptible to such things we will never know — but his character failures would be likely to lead to a similar outcome. Australians, unless we are in a gang warfare scenario or in some sickeningly violent location — such as, for example, parts of southern Africa — Australians live in a secure world. We even have jails — one of the rare times in history when man-penning takes place in an humane, large-scale way. The book of Deuteronomy found its origins when large scale man-penning at the public expense would have been ridiculous. People were more likely to pen themselves up at night (if not in the day) and set sentries. If a town is under siege, and one of the people an uncontrolled glutton, what might become of the food supply? Every able bodied man is allotted to defence — could any be spared to defend the food store? This gluttonous, wine-bibbing, contemptuous son, after indulging excessively in food and alcohol to satiate his appetite, might be likely to fall asleep at his post? What is the correct and necessary penalty for a sentry falling asleep at his post? What unmentionable things might be done to his community if the enslaving, perhaps genocidal enemy takes the town? The only pathway forward in the circumstances was either a tremendous miracle of reformation, or removal of the 5th column within. If there is war, expect court-marshals. Everyday army practice. The bible speaks everyday reality — everyday life can be, in some respects, war. War is not nice. A lawyer described to me (without names) a situation in which he was asked for advice. I never knew such people existed. A son, amongst other things, would defecate on his bed and keep a knife under his pillow. The family was stressed. The lawyer mused as to whether he could be reformed by psychology, by counsel, or perhaps stern physical punishment? Are there any volunteers for taking on that lawyer’s and that family’s burden?  I recall asking a pacific, mild mannered young man of his experience as a juror. He was haunted by the memory. It was a case of indecent dealing with children by a father and son living next door. Neither the father nor son were “the full quid”. The father, the ex-juror said, was the real criminal — but he had recently died, and the son was in the dock. The son displayed reduced responsibility. The jury correctly found the son not guilty. The ex-juror was haunted by the scenario. The legal proceedings could not solve anything. The indecently abused children were traumatised by having to relive their ordeals as in court witnesses. The intellect-deficient son, who had been led into it by his father, could not be proved guilty but he was so easily influenced, there was no guarantee he would not re-offend. The pacific, mild mannered ex-juror made a startling, yet totally correct, wise statement. If he had no choice but to live next to the intellectually deficient son, for the sake of his own children, for the sake of sanity and his own conscience, he would hit the deficient person over the head with a rock. Painless execution. Be found guilty of murder? By the System, Yes. By morality and parental responsibility, No.

The bible is real world.

Coke makes law “nothing else but reason”. His jury concept is the biblical proviso of a respected group of disattached, experienced people confirming evidence based fact. Quoting the scriptures: “Bring [the matter] to the elders …” “In the multitude of counsellors there is safety.”

Concurrently, Sir Francis Bacon, a ‘father’ of modern science, from the same era as Coke and Hale: “Science is but an image of the truth.” In a real sense, law, an exercise in truth and reason, is science. It is evidence based. “At the mouth of [at least] two or three witnesses shall every word be established.”

The scriptures stipulate two or three witnesses 2 Cor. 13:1 – and, as ever, go deeper than the obvious. Three witnesses give unambiguous guidance to sources humanity may profitably employ: 1) The word of God. 2). The ‘word’ of Nature around us. 3). The ‘word’ of personal understanding and past human understanding – history. Bacon: “The universe must not be narrowed down to the limit of our understanding, but our understanding must be stretched and enlarged to take in the image of the universe as it is discovered.” Again, “God has, in fact, written two books, not just one. Of course, we are all familiar with the first book he wrote, namely scripture. But he has written a second book called Creation.” (Investigated further — see Reason, Religion, Consensus, on this site.)

We have The Book, we have the book of Nature (science), we have the book of (hopefully) enlightened human guidance. Legal practice should be based on all three, especially the first, since, quoting Hale, “Almighty God, by .. ample foresight …. could … fit laws proportionate to the things he made.” Woman, for instance, is not precisely the same as Man. How equal, or unequal, is man to woman? What legal outcomes should ensue? Who is to say? Where do children fit in any given equation? The queries would be endless, were it not for an anchor. But how technically exact is the biblical script? How is it to be read in a court of law? Is it legal tender for the modern legislator? Remember, as Coke has it, Law is reason. It is fact based. Does Bacon’s second book – nature, or the creation – does the second book throw light on the first – the scriptures? With what level of precision are we dealing? Can I honestly swear on the bible?

Electricity was developed during the eighteenth century. During its earlier stages, new and mysterious, it was pounced upon by a certain element as the vis nervosa – the engine of conscious existence, the stuff of life. Law, government, perhaps life itself, like nerve action, was to be the product of electricity. Corpses were attached to electrodes in public demonstrations. (Fresh corpses will move under electric impulse.) Radicals championed electricity. People not so radical were comfortable with the idea of health benefits through electric shock. Michael Faraday, for whom the unit of electrical capacitance or ability to store electric charge is named, received his share of shocks, not all because of touching bare wires. He was temporarily called into question by his church community because he was deeply involved with – electricity. He had been slanderously misquoted by radicals. It had been claimed that he looked upon electricity as something possibly akin to the essence of life.

Should we have gone to court in those days and asked if we could swear on a voltaic cell? Why not? From a flat Earth to u.f.o’s, people have been known to swear on almost anything. Why swear on the bible? Why base legislation on a judeo-christian base? And how to legally apply that judeo-christian base?

The semi-deification of electricity ran its short course. After all, if something can be turned on and off with a switch, it lacks the ethos and the aura to be the big spook. Something took its place. Volts and amps were abandoned in favour of something far more deep and mysterious. A voltaic cell is today figuratively much less authoritative in a courtroom alongside the bible than is a copy of On the Origin of Species. Despite clarion calls for caution, Darwin’s script(s), seconded by Alfred Wallace and T.H. Huxley, were tendered as all encompassing and conclusive. On the Origin is a script which cannot lightly be dismissed. Species actuation has a mystique. It invites big spook proposals – and there was no shortage of big spook, with and without ethos and aura. W. Thomson, Lord Kelvin – degrees Kelvin – was invited to compose a foreword. Kelvin was the leading British mathematician-physicist and a sceptic of anything non-systematic. It seems unclear whether he successfully composed a foreword, or no. Something he could not fully grasp was top of the popular science charts. It contained factual elements.

If On the Origin as it stands is totally ‘gospel’, the gospels themselves as a technical proposition are not. Here is one simple example. The words of Christ: “Ye shall know them by their fruits. Do men gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles?” The darwinistic idea, possibly against Darwin’s own desires, is today held to be one and the same as an idea termed ‘Common Descent’. Precisely, thorns give rise to grapes, thistles to figs … and monkeys to men. To be precise – no alternative nor objection being raised by its proponents – Common Descent demands that monkeys did give birth to men. Species, contrary to the words of Christ, are not reproductively locked into reproducing after their own kind. According to this now widely upheld impossibility, species definitely exist but are not defined by reproductive self-containment. Note. The Lord did not say that a species of thorn was never a conduit of life nor of information which could be transformed into a grape by a pre-programmed mechanism of Nature. He did not say that sequences of species in the fossil record were not conduits. He effectively said that the mechanism by which species were transformed one to another was not totally the same mechanism by which they currently reproduce. If I am to swear on the bible in legal matters, and legislators are to swear on anything at all in legal matters, and we are searching for certainty – we all are entitled to certainty – is God technically reliable? How equal, or unequal, is man to Woman? Is Mankind semi-equal to animals? Children equal to adults? Transgenderism? Marriage? Equality? Corporal and capital punishment? Stop mining coal to save the world? Where to turn? Is the word of God technically viable?

The DNA sequence that can be directly compared between human and chimp genomes is approximately 90% identical. If Lord Kelvin, pre- modern biology, had known as much, his foreword proposition may have been less perplexing? Or, reading on, more so?

Any randomly selected group of chimpanzees on a hillside in Africa has more genetic diversity than the entire existing human species. This is non-controversial.

Implications? For our current purpose, inbreeding does not have relevance to the DNA, the species’ genome. Inbreeding, however, reduces so-called genetic diversity. Recessive genes become more recessive, dominant genes, more dominant. Inbreeding follows when the number of interbreeding individuals is severely reduced for a long period of time. Prolonged inbreeding severely reduces genetic diversity.

Any randomly selected group of chimps in Africa has more genetic diversity than the entire, currently existing, human species – even though the measurement of human genetic diversity is derived from the kaleidoscope of individuals living on all continents.

Before overspreading the globe, Mankind was all but wiped off the face of the Earth. Irrespective of race, we are all of us much more closely related than other primates. The near extinction was of all mankind, before we spread to the various continents.

Why bring such trivia into matters of law and government policy? Because the great flood, cause of the near extinction, has legal ramification. The written technical description of the event has reliability. The written legal specification following the event has certainty. “And surely your blood of your lives will I require; at the hand of every beast will I require it, and at the hand of man; at the hand of every man’s brother will I require the life of man. Whoso sheddeth man’s blood, by man shall his blood be shed: for in the image of God made he man.” Cain killed his innocent and loving younger brother out of hand and then blamed it all on God. No existing record suggests Cain recanted. The biblical script records genetic mingling as the population grew, until Cain-like behaviour presumably became accepted. It is possible that members of one part of society sometimes killed members of the other, better part, regarding it as sport, skewing the genetics. If Mankind was to have any hope of a happy and fulfilling existence, there was no option but to correct the degradation to universal violence. This unpleasant requirement did not end either with the flood, or with the New Testament. Execution of proven wanton killers was written into ‘british law’ from the outset, not only as a necessary visible manifestation of justice, but to try to keep this world a livable place. A society which deliberately opposes the execution of undoubted, repeat, undoubted, wanton murderers, wanton child rapists, and all the ugly rest of it, itself becomes blood guilty. But this is a distressing topic. Anyone who knows himself, along with John Bradford, English martyr, knows: “There, but for the grace of God, go I.” Every fallen human being is infected with the possibility of sinking lower than indescribable beasts. Simultaneously, we have a way out and up. This is no whimsy, it is personal, hard fact.

What caused Noah’s flood? Planets have been observed capturing comets in our lifetime. The biblical script of the great flood stipulates an extraterrestrial component, implicating waters. In some sense it returns the Earth to its formative stage, when extraterrestrial bodies were in close association with each other as they were gravitationally ‘gathered together’. The Tunguska event of 1908 flattened something like 2,000 square km of Siberian forest. Even within the past decade, an extraterrestrial remnant heated through atmospheric entry and thereby expanding so as to explode, broke thousands of windows in a Russian city. Comets regularly course through the solar system. Cometary encounter is inevitable. The biblical account of Noah’s flood is a ‘dead ringer’ for encounter with an extraterrestrial body, probably ice rich. It may or more likely may not have collided with us, but passed sufficiently close or was perhaps temporarily captured or broken up in part or in whole, resulting in a prolonged weather disturbance and tidal surge (due to upwards gravitational attraction) over the Middle East – southern Russia. All the world was affected, but only the part inhabited by humans was totally flooded. Because the tidal surge was gradual, an enclosed wooden life-raft remained intact. The transported animals were those as required for this event – which involved ‘the whole world’ as known to Noah. At about the same time the globe seems to have suffered desertification and other environmental setbacks. Carbon fourteen dating, being reliant upon steady atmospheric and global climatic conditions over tens upon tens of thousands of years, could be telling us almost anything – but should be reliable at least back to 4,000BC?

Kelvin, engineer and physicist, not averse to the idea of panspermia, a near contemporary of Darwin, familiar with the solar system and its then known components, struggled with writing a foreword to On the Origin of Species. The challenge was to explain what appeared as a sequential seeding of the Earth with life from outer Space. People such as Kelvin and Faraday, physicists, wisely kept their own counsel – and the counsel of mainstream science. Faraday’s church group? “The Bible, and it alone, with nothing added to it nor taken away from it by man, is the sole and sufficient guide for each individual, at all times and in all circumstances.” Kelvin? “Do not be afraid of being free thinkers. If you think strongly enough you will be forced by science to the belief in God, which is the foundation of all religion. You will find science not antagonistic but helpful to religion.”

Meanwhile, a man who at the time was arguably the world leader in the discipline of fossil description, who himself identified Darwin’s fossil specimens, was exhaustively analysing fossil vertebrates. He concluded – and his painstaking illustrations confirm it – all vertebrates are variants of an original master plan. Every living and fossil vertebrate can be shown to be an original ‘blueprint’ which was transformed by application of any number of selections from a finite number of available information packages. Sir Richard Owen’s information driven transformer, or archetype. Owen’s model pre-dates Darwin’s. It has complete precedence. He foreshadowed DNA, RNA, etc., and the information base of all living organisms. Species can theoretically be created at a point in time as information pre-programmed to interact with a living cell on Earth. Environmental conditions need not be left out of the equation.

We could switch on our computers, and see things which were created last week automatically appear. To us they are new. They are not new. A century after Owen’s work, a century of Darwin and a century of pointless haggling, DNA hove into view. Francis Crick, one of its discoverers, took a look and went over to panspermia. Revisiting a previous observation: “The DNA sequence that can be directly compared between human and chimp genomes is almost 90 percent identical.” Yet monkeys and men do not interbreed. Since species are species and remain species, even to the extent of a book having been written upon the assumption they are species, and since two species can have almost identical DNA whilst remaining species, a species lock is built into each species, said lock being triggered to unlock in the past not by similarity of DNA but by other causes, such as environment and/or accumulated memories. Since the procedures can be pre-programmed, entire divisions of life can be created, as information, to be revealed over time through information technology. All necessary concepts arise from the existing evidence – and the word of God. The biblical account is step by step literally exact. Kelvin, Faraday and Owen were held back because DNA was unknown. And the mathematics of the information technology involved is as yet entirely in its infancy. For that mathematics we go to men such as Planck, Einstein, and, currently, Leonard Susskind. It is rocket science, plus.

The biblical account is more accurate than the fossil record.

The inestimable value to society of the jewish-christian scriptures was confirmed by some who recorded no personal relationship to the Author of those scriptures. T.H. Huxley, anatomist-surgeon, vocal advocate of something resembling Darwinism, recommended the bible for schools and democratic government. He concurrently, tragically, described himself as agnostic – i.e., without spiritual knowledge. He nevertheless exhibited a level of technical knowledge. Large swathes of the scriptures make sense to an administrator. Take as an example the male-female question. The only extant, certifiable authority regarding male-female status gives male and female the exact same value if weighed in spiritual balances. That authority is not the Prophet and the Q’ran with Hell being predominantly populated by females! (Check it out on-line.) The only certifiable authority which explains to ourselves that which we ourselves can not discern without that incontestable authority is the bible. The express words of our Creator. How can we know them to be certifiably correct? We may do our best to evaluate them personally, and even if, like Huxley, we come up wanting, we may evaluate them technically, by scientific evaluation. The overwhelming consensus of those who went before, and built, makes rational religion and the christian scriptures in particular the basis of successful democracy. The bible, literally, THE book, the ideal of love, justice and society. Law, with reason as its “life” (Coke) draws its rationality from the Word of God. Is this provision complete? Is it adequate? The canon of scripture, rationally interpreted, ideally with divine assistance, is complete of itself. Our requirements have been handed to us in toto. Fail to use them, and we become answerable thereto. John 12: 47-8: “If any man hear my words, and believe not, I judge him not: for I came not to judge the world, but to save the world. …… He that receiveth not my words hath one that judgeth him: the word that I have spoken, the same shall judge him in the last day.” This inescapable principle has at least two levels of meaning: on the paramount, personal level, the word of God has power to transform, which transformation (with caveats) saves an individual from condemnation; on a government or managerial level, it implies that all information necessary to running a faultless justice programme is available and will suffice if humbly and faithfully applied.

Somewhere in the history of Israel there was a siege, in which “an ass’s head was sold for fourscore pieces of silver, and the fourth part of a cab of dove’s dung for five pieces of silver” 2 Kings 6:25. They were auctioning certain lines of policy extant in parts of Australia today. We could try for higher bids by running the Q’ran, the Prophet, females, and Hell. (To reassure us on that topic, Jesus said, “In the resurrection they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels in heaven.” No one ever saw Hell or Heaven crowded with everyday females and anyone who has been within the proverbial country mile of either place would go softy softly for the remainder of his life in fear and/or awe. Anyone speaking seriously of Hell without being moved to literally weep, has never been near the place.)

We now briefly apply the principles of ‘british law’, with its biblical and rational certainties, to gender equity, to transgenderism, and to their abominable distant cousin, homosexual ‘marriage’. Confirmed, as in the case of a firing squad for mass murders and the like, confirmed by observing outer Space.

Our moon currently is receding from us! Earth spins exceptionally fast, faster than our moon orbits. Our tidal bulge is caused primarily by the moon (the sun plays a lesser part). The bulge — to be complicated, there are two, opposite sides of Earth! — the bulges are propelled by the fast spinning Earth, so much so as to be in advance of the moon. This results in a slight forwards propulsion of the moon. Counter-intuitively, the tugging does not increase the moon’s speed. We might think in terms of a rocket being propelled into Earth orbit. Increase the power of the rocket, and it will find a higher orbit, farther from Earth. The current rate of lunar retreat is slightly less than four centimetres per annum. Such a rate of movement is significant in geologic time. Co-incidentally, one of the first people to investigate this factor was George Darwin, son of the author of On the Origin of Species. In contrast to his father, his interests lay with the solar system and with the tides. Similarly to his father, he came up with points of interest, whilst missing the main point. They two of them missed their targets for the same underlaying reason. Want of cognizance of the scriptures.

The moon is a biblical type, an illustrative picture-pattern. It is a bride. It is type-ical of the female. Immediately we may discern something about our moon. Brides are introduced into a family, they do not originate in the family. George Darwin, whilst missing the target, came close in suggesting lunar origin through sloughing of our Earth. It transpires that the sloughing was in fact not of our planet, but of another planet. The sloughing product formed into a body destined to become our moon. This secondary planet finally was introduced to Earth later in time. Parts of the donor planet also found their way to Earth, impacting our surface as abundant fragments, thus giving some chemical similarity to moon and Earth. Brides are introduced, and they are one hundred percent female. The lunar month is the same length as the human female menstrual cycle. Human female pregnancy lasts for nine lunar months. Eve, the first bride, is ‘the mother of all living’. Our moon was captured by Earth and immediately complex life (above plant grade) exploded around the globe. Did the moon bring the species? Panspermia? We consult the scriptures. The sun, moon and to a lesser extent other celestial bodies are primarily for, quote, “signs” Gen. 1:14. Signs store and transmit information. Recall Sir Richard Owen, laboriously analysing the structure of complex life forms? Species became tangible through the application of information. The Earth-moon system must form part of an information carrier and/or transmitter. One possible role of the moon is generation of our magnetic field through a gravitational flexing effect? The moon could equal magnetism, and the sun is that great mystery, stellar nuclear fusion. Light itself is a superlative information carrier. Species reproductive mechanisms must have been involved in the actuation of the new, yet pre-existing, species. It is no accident that the moon in some mysterious way is linked to reproduction.

But in what sense are males and females precisely, unavoidably equal? A photograph of a total solar eclipse tells the story. Five hundred million years, and the moment when Mankind happened upon Earth was exactly the moment when the diameters of sun, representing Man, and moon, representing Woman, happened to become equal when viewed from Earth. The moon, to a child, can appear as the sun come back at night with its fire extinguished. Mother and father, different, yet the same.  The equality is in ultimate or spiritual value. Alone. 

Transgenderism if legally embraced is a denial of our origins and our very existence. We might distinguish nevertheless between stupidity in legislation, and descent, via hedonism, into unthinkable crimes. What was the iniquity of Sodom? They succumbed entirely and without exception to the sin-principle which stalks every man. “…. Pride, fullness of bread, and abundance of idleness was in her and in her daughters, neither did she strengthen the hand of the poor and needy” Exekial 16:49. Note the blindness to basic human needs and human rights. Man is made in the image of God. We are, in a type, God-coinage. Blindness to our fellows equals forgetting God himself. “The wicked shall be turned into Hell, and all the nations that forget God.” Psalm 19:17. Does God stand in need of being remembered? Do the needs and rights of our fellows stand in need of being remembered? How do we gain the ability, despite our baser tendencies, to (hopefully) be of some value to those around us? By self abasement, by humbly relying on Almighty God, his words, his ways, and the proven leadings of those who went before. By personally believing in God. “There, but for the grace of God, go I.” The people of Sodom, having embarked on the slippery slope of believing in nothing higher than self gratification, were ultimately overpowered by loss of self control. Having forgotten God, and therefore, Mankind, the vacuum of their own moral nothingness went full circle – Man being made in the image of God – and returned upon itself. They set up their own fate. At their final stage of degeneration they become ‘holier than thou’, attributing to themselves legal and moral overlordship over all who were not part of the human rights rout. Shades of homosexual ‘marriage’. If we have the stomach to go on with the history of two female children brought up in the shadow of the public depravity Genesis 19:30-38 we understand why there was no option but to surgically remove the cancer.

If the great flood can be discerned most probably to have been provoked by an icy comet, the engine of Sodom’s tragic end was its fiery distant relation. Every element existing on Earth occurs in near infinitely greater abundance in Space. For instance, there is enough ethyl alcohol, the common intoxicant, not only to sink a ship, but to drown the Earth. Brimstone, a name invoking volcanic activity and sulphur in particular, comprises the visible crust of Io, a moon of Jupiter. Sulphurous bodies plunging through our atmosphere theoretically should easily ignite. Hence, fire and brimstone. The Dead Sea region of southern Israel, the undisputed location of Sodom and Gomorrah, shows no evidence of recent volcanic activity, but is possessed of unique and perplexing mineralogy. And, buried beside and beneath the Dead Sea are the remains of a once verdant countryside featuring heavily populated cities. A train of burning sulphur bodies, intensely heated by speeding through the atmosphere, impacting in succession in the same location, could produce localized temperatures approaching those of the sun. Shock waves and air blasts from successive impacts could result in temporary plasticized mineral waves as in the ocean. Such waves could theoretically, without forewarning, instantaneously envelop a building or some other obstacle – such as a human being. At the given temperatures, a human body and even an entire building would cease to exist – whilst under a certain set of temperature, mineral composition and wind speed conditions, a solidified melt edifice could remain. Sulphur, highly reactive, will readily combine in various mineral combinations with common components of rocks. One such combination is gypsum – calcium, sulphur and oxygen. Calcium is both a component of the human body and of limestones. Gypsum, although not salty in taste, is technically a salt – much more durable as a monument than common salt.

What might the founders of hard won ‘british justice’ have to say of traitors denying basic humanity – people of the same gender equalling both mother and a father with the ultimate betrayal – involving children?

Education.

Law and justice, more, society itself, begins in the cradle. The infant’s concept of God, government, law, and of the nature of society is imbibed first and foremost from those around him. This follows through to the childcare/schooling scene but begins at birth and is most significant in the early years. All human beings, but infants especially, tend to take their cue and their initial view of life from those around them. They set out in this world totally innocent. The words of Christ himself: “Take heed that ye despise not one of these little ones; for I say unto you, That in heaven their angels do always behold the face of my Father which is in heaven. “And again, truly sobering words, sobering to the author, sobering to all who are capable of comprehension: “But whoso shall offend one of these little ones which believe in me, it were better for him that a millstone were hanged about his neck, and that he were drowned in the depth of the sea.” Were it not for the substitutional righteousness of Christ, I am personally undone. Infants need security, to know they belong, to know they have a unique and honoured place. We may begin to comprehend the biblical death penalty handed out to determined adulterers. In the tribal system of Israel, it was possible – and understandable, given the circumstances, possible and in some circumstances understandable (there being no social security nor birth control) to be in a family of multiple mothers and only one father. But every member of the family did have, essentially on-site, a mother and a father if at all possible who were blood relatives of the child. Every child hopefully was possessed of a lineage and certifiable parents. In such a family, none were technically ‘bastard’.

Children have rights.

Where reasonable, they have a right to certainty, to knowingly belong to their certifiable lineage.

They have more. The death penalty is brought down on more than those who would populate the world with ‘bastards’. It is brought down – presumably in the face of repeated warnings – on those who persist in dressing and acting as the opposite sex. It is brought down on creators and advocates of gender confusion. Infants innocently imbibe that which they see around themselves. Gender certainty is the right of every person, and the place to begin is early in life.

Children have rights. They have the right to be free of stumbling blocks and offences.

They also should have the right, quoting St Paul, of being brought up “in the nurture and admonition of the Lord.” They are not being brought up in the nurture of the sovereign Lord if their visible model of lordship is failure of the male element of society to be in control. There is no admonition and nurture of the Lord in a riotous school- category situation. There is only nurture and admonition in the pointlessness of existence. Who wishes to grow up if adults such as teachers/supervisors are being figuratively and even literally carried out on stretchers due to stress yes and even physical intimidation by juveniles? Justice? Perhaps justice begins at home. Whence it should proceed to institutions of childcare, etc.?

Children have rights. They also have foolishness. We may be born innocent, but that happy state does not persist. Beneath the foolishness is the capacity for great goodness. “Foolishness is bound up in the heart of the child, but the rod of correction drives it far from him.” Note the word, far. Note the meaning of rod is far wider than a physical object, although a physical rod is part of the meaning. Again: “Chasten thy son while there is hope, and let not thy soul spare for his crying.” The word of God is saying, “Never give up hope. Even though you will have to apply correction, to males especially, probably physical correction, there is hope. The rod of correction, applied so as to have effect, drives foolishness far away.” It is paramount that correction, physical or otherwise, is employed early in life. “While there is hope.” The horsebreaker, the animal trainer, everyone with wit and understanding of Nature, applauds. Act whilst there is hope. Fail to act, and the hope is more likely to be disappointed. But, yes, there is always hope. Government education and childrearing policies in Australia long ago became government sponsored stupidity and injustice, inc.. An open denial of the book of human experience, the book of Nature, and The Book. Failure to discipline children is child abuse and society abuse. Begin young or lose it. Discipline? Anything from cleaning a room to fresh air and exercise can be discipline, with reciting multiplication tables or spelling thrown in. Counter-intuitively, discipline, including physical discipline, especially from a loving person, imparts self confidence and self worth. No child will grow up to respect a parent or other adult who did nothing to quell obvious injustice nor act to apply the physical rod when it was required. “God dealeth with you as sons … for what son is he whom the father chasteneth not?”

To regain some semblance of coherence, we 1) Get out of people’s religion and get out of their personal lives and tell them, legislatively and otherwise, they are totally free to act according to the Book, the book of history and the book of Nature. Go so far as to allow that if little Johnny is persisting in throwing sand in little Lucy’s eyes or putting out his leg to trip adults so they break their necks, slapping little J. hard to cause him to remember and desist, even if the administerer is not a parent, will not be pursued at law. This assumes little J.’s parents to have been effectively absentee at the time. 2) Set up failsafe legalities for mutual agreement between parents and any persons with whom they may come to agreement, giving authority for the select persons to administer stipulated physical correction. 3) As becomes practicable, step by step move toward time honoured education which always left large segments of the childrearing and education puzzle to be solved by the parents/guardians. Encourage any person or corporation (within obvious limits) to figuratively put up a tile over their door advertising some sort of educational/childcare service. Let the people vote with their feet. Let the best methods of childcare etc. be selected in the same way the best mechanics, painters, builders etc. are selected. Keep in mind. Parents supplied with even half the monies currently expended by government, will soon have something happening, varied and awkward though it might appear. Some parents may choose to guarantee their children’s behaviour themselves, others may be satisfied with others taking agreed upon steps. We are searching here for a useful outcome, not a box to tick in an inflexible script – a script with self destructive outcomes. At the risk of repetition: “Train up a child in the way he should go; and when he is old he will not depart from it.” It does not say he will never depart from it. It says, “when he is old”; meaning, fully mature. It does say, child; meaning, young. The Queensland government in bold faced stupidity years past embarked on no physical correction policies, especially in State schools, herded the children into ‘educational’ institutions at younger and younger ages, made it a crime to take the slightest hint of physical action – a teacher can be sued for little more than looking sideways at a malicious student – the outcome is a foregone conclusion. The only way forward is to allow people and groups of people to deduce the best ways and allow them to vote with their feet. We did not arrive here thanks to State schooling. Australia was built with no serious government schooling at all. As were most if not all ‘western’ democracies.

In Australia’s first hundred years, education was essentially unfunded and probably in some instances schools were held under a tree. As a statistical fact, non-government education/childcare resulted in the convict’s children becoming as statistically law abiding as those of the free settlers. After compulsory funding and government intervention were introduced, the standard has not rocketed upwards. Some indicators suggest it is currently doing the reverse.

We could widen our educational horizon with startling facts. If the Internet published government reports may be believed, in 2020, total government expenditure on education here in Australia was one hundred and fourteen thousand million dollars, of which roughly half went to schools. There being in that year roughly five million school students, in that year the taxpayer provided the government with ten thousand dollars to spend on average on each student. Assuming the average student spends ten years at school; if he had been paid the ten thousand per year instead of having it spent on his schooling, and if it was saved for him by the government, he would matriculate at the age of fifteen with one hundred thousand dollars. If he could do some useful paid work during his formative fifteen years, he could matriculate with substantial capital.

We do not need money to enable a basic education. We are in fact spending the big money on child minding – keeping the children off the streets. Here lies the challenge. Is there a better way than is currently employed? Especially for the misfits and the retarded? In the first hundred years, of course, there were not many streets, and most of the children could be milking the goats, tending the cooking fire, tending the baby, bringing in the harvest …. . Times change. The challenge now is to keep the children off the now ubiquitous streets, and to have the finances and the personnel with near infinite patience to do so. Human ingenuity should come up with something approximating to milking the goats and fetching the wood?

Almost every great achiever on behalf of Mankind, anywhere, was educated first and foremost in the school of character building. Being kept busy and going without luxuries is a beginning. This is not to denigrate the value of systematic learning. But it is a human fact, observable to us all if we consider it, that what we will be or wish to be in adult life is with us in the cradle. The Good Book has it: “The gifts and calling of God are without repentance.” At conception we inherited our calling in life – if only we can enter into that calling we have a chance of a fulfilling life. That calling can never change. It is “without repentance.” Mozart could never be personally fulfilled as anything but a composer – which he achieved by the age of five. (If only he could have handled finances, he may have lived longer than thirty-five.) James Watt, of the steam engine, not a robust child, would sit and study a boiling kettle. George Stephenson saw the parts for the Rocket steam locomotive in his mind, despite being illiterate at that time. Faraday, esteemed a genius by Einstein, enjoyed three months total schooling. Einstein on his part went to school but afterwards wondered why? Thomas Edison enjoyed seven months formal education. Ambroise Pare (par-ay) – French surgeon, who pioneered revolutionary life-saving procedures such as tying off veins rather than searing with a hot iron, would possibly never have done so had he been able to attend the existing medical schools. He and his methods were castigated by many ‘doctors.’

There is much to be said for systematic learning, but it is a secondary item compared to the great matter of a fulfilling and useful life. According to the people who successfully oversaw the educating of Australia’s children during our first hundred years (paraphrased): “Better not to educate at all than to impart facts without building character.” Here, direct from the Bible, is the outcome of character-less childcare: “… lovers of their own selves, covetous, boasters, proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy …. traitors, highminded, lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God … .” The author wonders whether he himself has grown up, yet? Someone has to take care of the children. Are we doing so with an open mind to realistic possible improvements?

Roberts, A.S., 1980.  Australia’s First Hundred Years. The Era of Christian Schools. The Australian College of Christian Education. Baulkham Hills, N.S.W.. Extracts.

Preliminary comment regarding a remarkable fact in this book. On page 6, we read of an educational development in Britain: “Monitorial schools utilised the idea that the teacher teaches the older more competent students who in turn teach the lower grades. Using this approach the originators claimed it was possible to establish a ratio of one teacher to every five hundred children.”

To explain this seeming impossibility we may note:

  1. School was not compulsory – and the user (if possible)  paid. Directly. Rather than through taxes.
  2. People were yet literally in danger of starving – little mechanization, school hours short, work hours long.
  3. Many potentially special needs people given medical science at the time presumably died at birth or soon after?
  4. Divorce was rare compared to modern times.
  5. There being little mechanization, a parent or some sort of guardian was likely to be home.
  6. Corporal and capital correctional measures were backed by society at large and the moral/religious leanings of the day.
  7. Colonial Australia on its part was a benevolent semi-dictatorship without television or the internet, with a (hopeful) requirement of public decency.

Preface: It is not widely known that education in Australia was first established not by the government, but by the Christian church. …. The survey reveals that the bible-based church-related school of early colonial times was remarkably successful in meeting the academic and spiritual/moral needs of the younger generation of that day. It also shows that when certain principles undergirding this christian school movement were disregarded, Australian education began to lose its dynamic.  … … .

P.1. …. It is not widely known that the majority of schools established in the infant colony were started by clergymen and supported by small grants from religious bodies and missionary societies. ….

P.3 & 4.  … The Rev. Richard Johnson, first chaplain to the Australian colony, was deeply concerned about the moral state of the convict population ….. .  By 1793 … Johnson had established the colony’s first … school … and by the end of the following year was able confidently to write … , “If any hopes are to be formed of any reformation being affected in this colony, I believe it must begin amongst those of the rising generation.” ….    The belief that education of the young was of the highest priority, was later echoed by the Rev. Samuel Marsden in a letter addressed to the Bishop of London: “The future hopes of this colony depend upon the rising generation –  little can be expected from the convicts who are grown old in vice, but much may be done for their children under proper instructions.” ……

It was not only the clergy who stressed the need for some kind of values for education for the younger generation  …. as this  excerpt from a speech by the Rt. Hon. Spencer Percival, Chancellor of the Exchequer, clearly indicates:  “Schools, or some system at least of regulated education in which industry and morals are more attended to than is learning, should be co-extensive with the youth of the settlement.”    Governor King was also deeply concerned about the matter and encouraged the establishing of schools.  He was largely responsible for setting up and even financing from his own private funds orphanages for the illegitimate offspring of convicts. Attached to these institutions were schools in which the inmates were taught tailoring, shoemaking and agriculture up to the age of fifteen years.  ….

There is abundant evidence to suggest that many in positions of authority in Australia ….. saw in the moral state of the colony the imminent threat of widespread and irreversible delinquency among the rising generation. ….. As late as 1830 Bishop Broughton was still able to write  to Governor Darling that the only viable solution to the problem of moral degeneracy lay in religious instruction: “The degraded state of morals which unhappily characterises too great a proportion of the inhabitants of this town, has unquestionably forced itself frequently upon the attention of Your Excellency, as it must upon that of every observant person. Nor have I any greater doubt of your entertaining a persuasion that effectual amendment can be expected only from an increase of religious principle, which we cannot hope to witness without adequate provision of the means of religious instruction.” …

Of course, the protestant churches of early Australia saw education not only as a direct means of inculcating Christian ethics and doctrine, but as a means also of developing widespread literacy, which … was considered to be fundamental to protestantism itself. ….[keep in mind, here, Roman Catholicism was yet employing Latin to a significant degree] .

P.6 & 7. … There were understandable difficulties in securing suitable schoolmasters during this early phase which occasionally led to the appointment of less than ideal personnel. (Rev. Johnson for example found it necessary to employ the services of two convict women.) However, in appointments made, great care was taken and every effort made to ensure that those given the responsibility of the spiritual and moral education of the young were themselves sincerely committed to the kind of christian position deemed appropriate for the task. …..

What kinds of curricula were employed in early colonial church schools? Since there was during this phase a very real conviction that the essential task of education was a spiritual and moral one, there was an understandable emphasis upon this task in school curricula. In fact, much of the evidence available indicates that the biblical truths and teaching which embodied the christian doctrines of these schools were given a position of centrality in the curricula. … The school in the daub and wattle church in Sydney’s Hyde Park being [described as], “conceived in the protestant vernacular tradition expounded by Luther and Calvin” …. .

Towards the end of the second decade of the nineteenth century, Australian church education began to reflect the influence of the monitorial system which had become very popular in Britain by that time. … the teacher teaches the older more competent students who in turn teach the lower grades. Using this approach the originators claimed it was possible to establish a ratio of one teacher to every five hundred children. In Britain, by 1820, some quarter of a million school children were enrolled in monitorial schools.  …. This system .. had the advantage of being conceived and developed by christian men whose aims coincided with the aims of those at work in Australia. .. [Quoting the Anglican monitorial school pioneer Dr. Bell]: “.. to imbue the minds of my pupils with the principles of morality and of our holy religion and infuse a spirit and habit of diligence and industry, so as at once to supply the necessities of the community and promote the welfare of the individual, two objects indissolubly united in every well regulated State.”

P. 8 & 9. … How successful was this early form of church-based education? The assessment of even a currently operating system of education is fraught with difficulties.  However, to assess meaningfully

the effectiveness of a number of schools which functioned over a century and a half ago is extremely difficult indeed. Records are never as plentiful or as appropriate as one would desire and there is always the danger that one will tend to generalise too widely from what is available. In spite of these problems, it would seem that a somewhat cautious attempt ought to be made to evaluate certain aspects of the work of church schools in their attempts to educate the native born.  Two areas of achievement will be examined.  The first of these is the area of literacy development and the second that of moral behaviour. Concerning literacy, it is of course not possible to estimate accurately the extent to which schooling of the kind discussed above resulted in a rise in literacy levels in the colony. However …. it is quite probable that the changes in literacy levels which do appear to have occurred in New South Wales [as the focus of settlement was then named] in the early years can be attributed in part to the schooling received by several hundred youngsters from 1792 onwards.

Mr. V. Goodin who made a count of the marriage registers still extant in a number of the early colonial churches at Sydney, Parramatta and Windsor for the years 1804 and 1814, found that 55% of men and 24% of women born outside the colony could sign their names, the remainder marking the register with an “X”.  He found however that for the same period the percentage of those born in the colony who could sign their names was 63% of men and 44% of women. By the years 1821-1824 the percentages of those born in the colony who signed their names had risen dramatically to 71% of men and 69% of women.  Of course it cannot be assumed that signatures in church registers can be taken as entirely valid indicators of literacy. Nor can it be assumed that these rising literacy rates occurred solely because of schooling. However, in spite of such qualifications it would not seem unreasonable to argue … that the long tradition of schooling in New South Wales contributed its measure to the comparatively high level of literacy among the native born.

Concerning moral behaviour there are several indications that the colony’s native born children were generally held in higher regard and had a lower crime rate than did convicts, emancipists [freed convicts], and free immigrants.  Governor Bigge having observed evidence of moral growth in the native born, recommended that they be eligible for land grants and loans of cattle and that they be called for jury service. Bigge’s opinion was shared by a number of others.  Peter Cunningham [journalist of the time] in the 1820’s writing of the colony’s native born claimed: “… they are a little tainted with the vices so prominent among their parents!  Drunkenness is almost unknown with them and honesty proverbial; the few of them that have been convicted having acted under the bad auspices of their parents or relatives … … . The young girls are of mild-tempered, modest disposition, possessing such simplicity of character; and like all children of nature, credulous and easily led into error. The lower classes are anxious to get into respectable service, from a laudable wish to be independent, and escape from the tutelage of their often profligate parents.”

A correspondent in The Edinburgh Review in 1828 described the native born as “in a more than ordinary degree, temperate and honest”. ….. The most significant evidence that the native born were the least criminal class in the colony has emerged from an analysis by Ward and MacNab of early nineteenth century Sydney Goal committals.  This analysis revealed an average index of only 3.43 per thousand for the native born in contrast to 4.23 for free immigrants, 15.4 for emancipists and 10.4 for convicts.

The following comment by Sir W.W. Burton, judge of the Supreme Court, indicates that he was impressed by the law abiding nature of the native born and concerning them wrote: “There was not one of them ever tried before the writer for any of those atrocious crimes which are attributed to their country, but belong only to the convict class; nor did he hear or know of any person born in the colony, being tried for or even charged with, either the offence of rape or any other licentious crime; nor has he ever found any offence committed by any one of them, such as to call upon him to pronounce sentence of death; and no such sentence has ever been passed within his knowledge, or any crime committed with such a degree of violence as to justify it.”

There are certainly a number of quite significant indications that Governor Macquarie was correct when he claimed that the colonists were “more regular in their conduct, more temperate in their habits and infinitely more moral and religious than they were” when he first arrived …. .

P. 11 – 13 . .. The second phase in early Australian education was characterised by .. .. denominational disquiet  … the colonial government was faced with the problem ….. most of the government’s solutions were spectacularly unsuccessful and led to compromise … it must be remembered … the sectarian strife, even persecution .. which had occurred [in Europe] ….. denominational suspicion … came to the country with the first fleet.

…. [another] attempt to solve the sectarian problem was a scheme known as The Irish National System.  It was endorsed by Governor Burke in 1833.  The essential features of this scheme were that children of all denominations would be accepted into the schools and while approved extracts from scripture would be read, no other religious instruction would be given by teachers.  Clergymen however were to have permission to enter the schools on one day per week to provide religious instruction to the children of their own denomination. Anglican bishop Broughton was quick to see in the plan a serious violation of the basic principles on which Protestantism rests; namely, free access to the scriptures.   Broughton’s strong stand on the principle that the bible must be retained “in all its unmutilated completeness and in all its unsullied purity”, was strongly endorsed by the fiery Presbyterian Rev. John Dunmore Lang.   ……. Governor Bourke embraced government sponsored education and [in approx. 1835] claimed: “… that government took the lead in their institution (that is of the schools) fixing the places from time to time where they should be established as population increased, erecting the schoolhouses and assisting well-qualified masters and mistresses to be brought from England, if need required.    I may without fear of contradiction, assert, that in no part of the world is the general education of the people a more sacred and necessary part of government than in New South Wales.” …..

The years following 1848 were …. a transition period which ultimately saw the almost complete victory of government education over that sponsored by the church … .

P. 15-17. … The New South Wales Public Instruction Act of 1880 was typical of a number of acts passed in six of the colonial states of Australia.  Through these acts, public education became strictly secular in the sense that assistance to church schools was abolished. The New South Wales 1880 Act set down clearly the nature of teaching in public schools and the conditions under which religious instruction was to be given: “In all schools under the Act, the teaching .. shall be strictly non- sectarian but the words ‘secular instruction’ shall be held to include the general religious teaching as distinct from dogmatic or polemic theology.”

William Wilkins, chief inspector for the National Board of Education in New South Wales … wrote: “The characteristics of the national system resulting from the adoption of religious neutrality as its central principle are: firstly its unity, mainly in its laws and its administration …. .. it is more readily supervised, more effectively controlled and so much more cheaply administered.  Its second great characteristic is its comprehensiveness.”

Anglican Archbishop Vaughan …. attacked the principle of neutrality in a series of pastorals and speeches on education delivered in 1880.  He described the government system as “godless education”, consisting of “schools which the church knows from experience will in the course of time fill the country with indifferentists not to speak of absolute infidels.”  He also gave reasons why a policy of religious neutrality would not operate effectively when he wrote: “There is one greater curse in the world than ignorance and that is instruction apart from moral and religious teaching. To instruct the masses in reading writing and arithmetic and to leave out religion and morality is to arm them with instruments for committing crime ….. A great deal has been said in the colony about the crime that proceeds from want of schools; very little about the still greater amount of crime which is produced by training the intellectual faculties whilst the will and the animal passions are allowed to run loose.” Vaughan then went on to predict state schools which would be “seed plots of future immorality, infidelity and lawlessness, being calculated to debase the standard of human excellence, and to corrupt the political, social and individual life of future citizens.

There are those who would claim that this prophecy is now being fulfilled …… one hundred years after it was made.  END Australia’s First Hundred Years extracts.

Reason, Religion, and the search for that elusive Scientific Consensus.

Every Wikipedia quote below was downloaded 11/10/021. The inserts between the Wikipedia extracts are all mainstream, verifiable – i.e.,“textbook.” We could keep in mind, everything from blood letting to throwing virgins into sacrificial wells to stop the drought has been, quote, ‘the scientific consensus.’ 

 Wikipedia Climate Controversy: “…. some people have attempted to convince the public that ….. climate change is not because of human influence [by implication, by carbon gases released to the atmosphere]– attempting to sow doubt in the scientific consensus.”

ScienceAlert. Ancient Ice has Revealed the CO2 Cycle of Earth going back Nearly 2 Million years, by Carly Cassella, 1/10/2019: “Ancient air bubbles trapped in the Antarctic ice sheet …. dating back roughly 1.5 million years …. contain ‘amazingly low’ CO2 levels, according to paleoclimatologist Yige Zhang from Texas A&M University … who told Science Magazine he found the results “quite interesting”. [The CO2 level as measured is no higher than pre-industrial levels – author.] These are the first direct observations of atmospheric greenhouse gases before the ice ages on Earth began to grow longer, and they suggest something other than a long-term decline in CO2 was at play to shift our planet’s entire ice age cycle.”

Geerts, B. & Linacre, E. 2002, ‘Ice Cores, CO2 Concentration & Climate’. Accessed 23 June 2007 from URL: http://www-das.uwyo.edu/~geerts/cwx/notes/chap01/icecore.html. “Carbon dioxide and methane (main greenhouse gases) occur in higher concentrations during warm periods; the two variables, temperature and greenhouse gas concentration, are clearly consistent, yet it is not clear what drives what. The correlation coefficient is 0.81 between CO2 content and apparent temperature, on the whole. During deglaciation the two varied simultaneously, but during times of cooling the CO2 changed after the temperature change, by up to 1000 years. This order of events is not what one would expect from the enhanced greenhouse effect.”

Krauskopf, K.B. 1967, Introduction to Geochemistry, McGraw-Hill/Kogakusha, Tokyo. p.617: “The carbon of sedimentary rocks was nearly all derived from CO2 that once existed in the atmosphere …. the amount of buried carbon exceeds that in the present atmosphere, oceans, and organisms by a factor of about 600 times. …. Beyond any reasonable doubt, the amount of carbon now in the air is only a tiny fraction of the amount that has existed at some time in the geologic past. This result can be interpreted in several ways. One extreme possibility is that the atmosphere at some early period was extremely dense … [consisting] ….. chiefly of CO2, and that the activity of plants plus the deposition of carbonate sediments has gradually reduced the amount to its present low value, 0.0003 atmospheres [increased to 0.0004 since writing]. This is an unlikely hypothesis, for it would mean that we are living at the very end of the history of life on our planet. …. A rough calculation of the carbon balance indicates that CO2 in air will fall to a level too low to support plant life within a few centuries, unless some other source of the gas is available. Since the geologic record gives evidence for the continuous existence of living organisms for … 4 billion years, the CO2 content of air cannot have dropped far below its present figure for a long time. And it is scarcely believable that the present 0.0003 atmospheres has been reached only now after 4 billion years of steady depletion. An obvious additional source of carbon dioxide is volcanic activity. …. .”

Author’s note: A balancing act? With the faeries twiddling the inlet valves day to day to keep plants alive whilst making the weather? We could have been hothouse Venus. That’s of the order of 12 entire atmospheres pure CO2 beneath our feet and in the waters! What stops the Earth becoming Space junk, like all the other Space junk? There is a thermostat, and it is not turned on and off by faeries, power stations, automobiles, nor yet volcanoes. Carbon is here for an essential reason – as is science.

Wikipedia  The Solar System: “… formed .. from .. a large molecular cloud. … The centre, where most of the mass collected, became increasingly hotter … . As the contracting nebula rotated faster, it began to flatten into a … disc with … a protostar at the centre. The planets formed by accretion from this disc.”

NASA’s Genesis Space Retrieval team announced (on-line) March 10, 2008, that analysis of a silicon wafer from Genesis showed that the Sun has a higher proportion of oxygen-16 relative to the Earth, Moon, Mars, and bulk meteorites. This implies that an unknown process depleted oxygen-16 from the Sun’s disk of protoplanetary material prior to the coalescence of dust grains that formed the inner planets and the asteroid belt. …. Target material showed that implanted solar wind nitrogen has a 15N/14N ratio of 2.18×10−3, that is, ≈40% poorer in 15N relative to the terrestrial atmosphere. The 15N/14N ratio of the protosolar nebula was 2.27×10−3, which is the lowest 15N/14N ratio known for Solar System objects. This result demonstrates the extreme nitrogen isotopic heterogeneity of the nascent Solar System and accounts for the 15N-depleted components observed in Solar System reservoirs.

Chemical variability had already been discovered by the Galileo probe.

Britannica – on-line – Composition of Jupiter:

“The elemental abundances in Jupiter’s atmosphere can be compared with the composition of the Sun. If, like the Sun, the planet had formed by simple condensation from the primordial solar nebula that is thought to have given birth to the solar system, their elemental abundances should be the same. A surprising result from the Galileo probe was that all the globally mixed elements that it could measure in the Jovian atmosphere showed the same approximately threefold enrichment of their values in the Sun, relative to hydrogen.”

Taylor, S.R., 1998 Destiny or Chance: Our Solar System and its Place in the Cosmos, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, p. 171. “Curiously enough, the plane in which the planets lie is tilted at 7 degrees to the equator of the sun. This is rarely discussed. Perhaps some late torque twisted the gaseous nebula …… .” P. 211:“Nothing resembling our solar system has been discovered.” P.207: “….. the possibility that a copy might exist of our solar system, or the Earth .. is .. unlikely.”

Brush, S.G., 1996 A History of Modern Planetary Physics, Vol. 3. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, p.91. “Attempts to find a plausible naturalistic explanation of the origin of the solar system began about 350 years ago, but have not yet been …. successful….. .”

Author’s note: The authors of certain comedies, make out intelligent design to be a denial of science and truth. They design their theories with neither design nor intelligence – design and intelligence are not science! They will write a sentence which they claim to be intelligently designed, then assert that they themselves with their writing capacities were never intelligently designed! By simply applying facts, we can easily build our home in Space. We may even be able to find our way to the bathroom – if we apply intelligent design. S.G. Brush may yet have his successful explanation of the solar system ….. !!

Wikipedia Our Moon: “The standard … hypothesis suggests that a Mars-sized body .. impacted the .. Earth … then accreted to form the Moon. This collision also resulted in the 23.5° tilted axis of the Earth, thus causing the seasons.”

ScienceAlert. Earth’s Rotation Is Slowing Down …. . by Michelle Starr, 2/08/021: “We know, based on the fossil record, that days were just 18 hours long 1.4 thousand million years ago.. .”

Author’s note: A brief internet search reveals 3 standard, legitimate hypotheses of lunar origin – Fission from the Earth, Co-Formation alongside Earth, and Capture. Almost as soon as the first rocks had been brought back from the moon, world leading mineralogist, A.E. Ringwood, deduced from the evidence a planet-wide sloughing event linked with extreme volcanism as the source of the moon. Because of some clear chemical similarities Earth- Moon, he logically made Earth the donor. (Earth and Planetary Science Letters v. 95.) The peoples in organisations earmarked Lunar Origin suddenly were out of a job, almost before the job began! They headed off unemployment by creating the giant impact hypothesis. This giant impact was supposedly not long after Earth coalesced, giving the moon close on 4 thousand million years in orbit of Earth. The Earth was surfaced by waters almost since its inception, it is constantly slowed in its spin rate through tidal interaction, and a glance at the 18 to 24 hr lengthening of the day over 1.4 thou. mill. yrs suggests it should theoretically have been spinning at a rate of something akin to once every 2 hours at moon formation, 4 thousand million years ago. Planets the size of Earth spinning every 2 hours theoretically fling to pieces. They can not exist. Ringwood was correct in his sloughing-volcanism and the people whose job it was to investigate lunar origin were correct in figuring a way to keep employed in the slough. A survey of the stone planets will show which of the 4 main stoney planets was in fact the most likely donor – provided it also supplied materials to Earth itself, thus giving the chemical similarity; Donor- -Earth – Moon.

Wikipedia Evolution Controversy: “ … species were once widely believed to be fixed products of divine creation, but since the mid-19th century, evolution by natural selection has been established by the scientific community as an empirical scientific fact.”

Rev. John Wesley, 1703-91, preacher, prolific author, concluded, “There is a prodigious number of continued links between the most perfect man and the ape.” He thus foreshadowed the discovery of roughly 90% genetic commonality between human and chimp DNA. He was followed up in this conclusion by Sir Richard Owen, 1804-92, who presented his Law of Progression from the General to the Particular to the British Association for the Advancement of Science in 1846, more than a decade before Darwin and Wallace published. He demonstrated vertebrates and possibly other species besides to be transformations of a template or templates, designed to be transformed. This was half a century before people began to clearly understand even the atom, and a full century before DNA. He made the technically correct observation that species were predestined to realize as modifications of an ‘archetype’, through some then unknown but divinely engineered process. This happened at a point in time, without compromising the empirical scientific fact that one species can not give birth to another in the common meaning of birth. Lamarck had already postulated response to environmental circumstance as a factor in species design.

A species can be created as information destined to manifest as a tangible organism once the information is transmitted to or actuated in living cells. Thus a species can be created aeons prior to its apparent manifestation. (The bible states in black and white that species pre-existed, many not being tangible at the time of their creation. Thermodynamics states in black and white that information not only is timeless – it can be neither created nor destroyed by natural processes.) Thus species are indeed fixed products of divine creation, the mechanism being an analogue of tree growth. New growth on a tree manifests as a product of pre-existing information, the branches serving as conduits but not as creators and not as genetic parents. New growth on a tree pre-exists as information, perhaps interactive information, and becomes tangible as an outcome of the relevant processes. The tree of life in the midst of Eden was a real mechanism. It was the mechanism of evolution. Although we can no longer tap it for eternal youth, studying its technicalities as foreshadowed by people such as Wesley and Sir Richard Owen, must be very relevant to human health?

It is an empirical scientific fact that no human baby would survive in the scrub for an hour, with chimps as parents. It is also an empirical fact that perfect information at work in our bodies would equal perfect health, an earthly utopia – and evolution as a technical process relied upon information systems.

For the fuller story, up to date, in detail: See the sister website, CreationTheory dot com; and consult the book, Tree of Life & the Origin of the Species – semi-final draft herewith: